hardness

1. The resistance of wood, rubber, sealant, plastic, or metal to plastic deformation by compression or indentation; in wood, hardness is generally related to density. Common methods of measurement include the Rockwell, Brinell, Scleroscope, andVickers tests.
2.Aproperty of a paint or varnish film that is a measure of its ability to withstand damage from marring, abrasion, etc.
3. The degree of hardness, applied to water, based on the amount of calcium and magnesium salts in the water, expressed as grains per gallon or parts per million of calcium carbonate.
4. See Mohs’ scale.