A wall is a continuous, usually vertical structure, thin in proportion to its length and height, built to provide shelter as an external wall or divide buildings into rooms or compartments as an internal wall.
Strength and Stability Up to the middle of the twentieth century the design and construction of small buildings, such as houses,
Jointing is the word used to describe the finish of the mortar joints between bricks, to provide a neat joint
Lime is manufactured by burning limestone or chalk and the result of this burning is a dirty white, lumpy material
Cement is made by heating a finely ground mixture of clay and limestone, and water, to a temperature at which
Of recent years ready mixed mortars have come into use particularly on sites where extensive areas of brickwork are laid.
As an alternative to the use of lime it has become practice to use a mortar plasticiser with cement in the
During the last 50 years it has been considered good practice to use a mortar in which the advantages of lime
Sand which is not washed and which contains a deal of clay in it feels soft and smooth when held
The material that was used for many centuries before the advent of Portland cement as the matrix (binding agent) for